Day 1 :
McLean Hospital, USA
Keynote: Elimination of violent and intractable self-injurious and assaultive behaviors with humane aversive conditioning
Time : 09:30-10:15
Miles G. Cunningham earned a PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an MD from Harvard Medical School with a special interest in neuropsychiatry and behavioral neurology. Dr. Cunningham completed his residency training at the Massachusetts General and McLean Hospitals while continuing neuroscience research focusing on the study of the corticolimbic circuitry of psychopathology. He presently administers an independent scientific initiative, the Laboratory for Neural Reconstruction, in which emotional circuitry and psychopathology are studied via precision engraftment of genetically engineered neural cells. His clinical roles include serving as the Medical Director of the McLean Hospital Lincoln Residence, working as an attending at an addictions medicine clinic, and consulting for patients with intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders.
Background: Individuals with developmental disorders, such as intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), can engage in violent behaviors that place themselves and others at dire risk. Many of these patients are refractory to pharmacological and behavioral interventions and are expelled from conventional treatment programs with no recourse. Graduated electronic deceleration (GED) is an aversive conditioning approach that has been shown to be effective in eliminating dangerous behaviors without physical or psychological side effects. However, no mechanism has been offered for its efficacy.
Objective: Here we present evidence for the efficacy of GED using case histories, and we propose a hypothesis for the neuroanatomical basis for the success of GED.
Methods: Students enrolled at the Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) with severe behaviors who had not responded to multiple behavioral and pharmacological interventions were evaluated before and after introduction of GED. All subjects continued to undergo positive behavioral analysis throughout the evaluation period. Self-injurious and assaultive behaviors were quantified daily and depicted graphically. We also conducted a literature review of imaging data for patients with ID and ASD and formulated a potential neuroanatomical explanation for failure of positive-only behavioral treatments and success of GED.
Conclusions: GED has repeatedly proven effective in eliminating high-risk, dangerous behaviors for individuals with developmental disorders who are otherwise treatment refractory. The neuroanatomical abnormalities seen in these patients are consistent with the failure of conventional behavioral interventions and the success of GED.
Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, India
Time : 10:15-11:00
Neeta is Sinha Professor of Psychology at School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum Studies, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. Her research interests focus on stress coping, self esteem, gender, motivation, interpersonal relationships, organizational dynamics, social concerns and systems, mental health, motivation, self concept, personality and related areas. She is also a Behavioural Psychologist, Academician and Corporate Trainer. She is the Research head at PDPU and is currently handling several sponsored Government and International projects. Dr.Sinha has 3 books and more than 25 publications and 30 conference papers to her credit. She is the Managing editor of the journal ‘Liberal Studies’ and is on the editorial board of several reputed journals.
With technology evolving every minute, it’s only natural that social media – and how we use it – is constantly changing. Basic instant messaging has evolved into a dizzying array of ways to create, share and engage with one another. It starts with content that comes to us from the moment we grab our cell phones in the morning, throughout the work day, and long into the evening on computers, tablets and laptops. It’s completely changed the way we communicate, interact and even how we feel about ourselves and others.
Without a doubt, there are upsides to social media, such as a feeling of community and being able to reach out to others almost anywhere at any time. Social media has provided access to opinions and information that can expand our minds and points of view. Some research even suggests that certain platforms may have a positive impact on mental health by providing opportunities for connections that may otherwise not happen; others suggest social media behaviour and posts can be useful identifiers or predictors of depression.
There’s a darker side to how social media can affect us, however. According to researchers, the more time you spend on social media, the more likely you are to suffer from mental health issues. This is especially true in children and teens, however, prolonged and excessive use presents dangers that have become more evident in adults as well. Multiple studies have begun to focus on the disturbing association between online social networking and a variety of negative feelings and psychiatric disorders. This paper makes an attempt to explore the lives of adolescents in the perspective of social media usage.